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Montana Passes Recreational Cannabis, Faces Lawsuit to Overturn Decision

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Although Montana voters passed two recreational cannabis legalization initiatives, opponents of legal cannabis are filing a lawsuit to overturn the ruling.

Wrong for Montana, a group who campaigned against both Initiative 190 and Constitutional Initiative 118, is prepping to file a lawsuit with the Helena District Court to overturn I-190. I-190 creates rules for recreational cannabis use and establishes a 20 percent tax on recreational cannabis sales. CI-118 amends the Montana Constitution to set the age to purchase cannabis at 21. Montana advocates submitted their ballot initiative at the beginning of the year.

The initiative states that just over 10 percent of tax revenue generated from cannabis sales will go toward environmental conservation programs, veteran’s services, health care costs and local governments. Wrong for Montana Spokesperson Steve Zabawa felt voters were deceived by the initiative’s wording.“That’s why we’re suing. It’s not transparent,” said Zabawa . “Even though this thing got voted in last night doesn’t mean it’s going to be law. There’s a lot more that has to be done, and I think the Montana Supreme Court or the [Helena] District Court will throw this thing out.”

Last month, Representative Derek Skees introduced a bill that would repeal I-190 if it were passed, but revoked it after 57 percent of the votes cast were in favor of the imitative. “Say 51 percent, then that bill would’ve been a good idea, because then it would’ve allowed us to say, ‘Well, listen, Montanans are a little confused on this. Not everybody was really for it,’” Skees said.

The authors of I-190 predict that recreational cannabis will generate around $48 million annually in tax revenue and licensing fees by 2025. Anyone serving a sentence for “an act permitted by I-190” is able to apply for resentencing or expungement.

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Cannabis Consumption Could Affect Fertility Rates

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Results from a recent study conducted by the U.S. National Institutes of Health, and published in the Human Reproduction journal, show evidence that women who consume cannabis could be less likely to get pregnant.

According to the results of the study, which is called “Cannabis use while trying to conceive: a prospective cohort study evaluating associations with fecundability, live birth and pregnancy loss,” women who tested positive in a urine test for cannabis were 40 percent less likely to get pregnant during each menstrual cycle. A difference in reproductive hormones was also apparent between those who consumed cannabis and those who did not. “These results highlight potentially harmful associations between cannabis use and reproductive health outcomes,” the researchers wrote in the study.

Study participants were tested for six months while actively trying to get pregnant. They reported whether they used cannabis, and provided at least two urine samples, one at the start of the study and another six months later, or at the time of pregnancy.

According to researchers, other studies have suggested that cannabis can change the lining of the uterus, but those studies were only conducted on animals. More research is necessary in order to show how cannabis affects fertility in humans.

Additionally, even the researchers themselves admit that only a small number of people in the study consumed cannabis, which resulted in a small sample pool. It also didn’t account for cannabis use in partners. So, while it shows there is a link, it only exhibits minor evidence of a correlation between cannabis and fertility problems.

The study also involved only those who had experienced a previous miscarriage, so more information would be required in order to show that the same findings are present in cannabis users who have not had miscarriages.

For the time being, the authors are cautioning that those trying to conceive should be cautious about using cannabis, according to an official statement. Until more information is gathered, however, there are no conclusive findings about how cannabis impacts fertility in women.

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Michigan Prosecutor Will No Longer Pursue Cannabis Cases

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Eli Savit, a prosecuting attorney in Washtenaw County, Michigan, recently stated that he will no longer pursue charges over possessing entheogenic substances (such as mushrooms or ayahuasca) or cannabis.

To support his decision, Savit argues that drug laws encourage racial disparities, and neither cannabis nor substances like psilocybin mushrooms are dangerous. Recreational cannabis is legal in Michigan, and the city of Ann Arbor decriminalized entheogenic substances.

“The Washtenaw County Prosecutor’s Office will no longer file criminal charges for unauthorized use or possession of marijuana or cannabis, regardless of the amount at issue,” the new directive explains.

In addition to this, Savit Tweeted about this decision. “We’ve long known that marijuana is as safe as alcohol. It thus makes no more sense to charge someone for having ‘too much’ cannabis than it does to charge people for having ‘too many’ bottles of wine. And we won’t, any longer,” Savit wrote.

This won’t be the end of all cannabis- or entheogen-related cases for Savit, as special circumstances or in large-scale distribution cases would be the exception. However, there will be a “a general presumption against filing criminal charges” for such substances.

“The Prosecutor’s Office will not contest any application for expungement where the underlying charge was for the possession, use, cultivation, or distribution of marijuana,” the directive continues. “This policy applies both to marijuana-related conduct that is now lawful in the aftermath of 2018’s Proposal 1, as well as marijuana-related conduct that is not.”

“Criminalization of entheogenic plants simply doesn’t make sense,” the prosecutor said in the official statement. “They’re not addictive. They don’t cause violent behavior. And other jurisdictions have successfully decriminalized them without any negative consequences.”

While the cannabis industry is new, and entheogens are barely legal, prosecutors such as Savit are making it a point not to criminalize low-level cases of possession and distribution.

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Strain of the Week: Midnite

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Whoever first said that “nothing good happens after midnight” clearly was not enjoying life. Maybe it was said to perpetuate safety, specifically toward rambunctious youth who went gallivanting around in the forest at night. Or maybe it was more geared toward superstitious beliefs about witches or paranormal entities who roam around when the sun goes down. Either way, whoever said it definitely hadn’t seen a Gremlins movie, which contrary to the plot which warns against feeding a Gremlin at night, is one of the weirdest and best 1980s movies ever (change our mind). Ultimately though, cannabis after midnight can be a treat, especially when it’s a strain like Midnite.

Midnite is a cross between Bubba Kush and Chem #4. Bubba Kush is well-known for its earthiness, deep pine aroma and ability to induce sleep (not to mention that, as reviewers put it, it’s so widely loved that consuming it is often like “greeting an old friend at the airport”). Chem #4, which is also short for Chemdog/Chemdawg, is a zesty hybrid, complete with scents and flavors of lemon, that delivers full body effects of relaxation and euphoria. Between these two powerhouse strains create a unique strain child that’s full of potential.

Described as light green and denser than a dogwood tree, Midnite strain samples were absolutely covered in frosty trichomes—so much that it almost seemed like it was covered in freshly fallen snow, or even might glow when placed in a dark place. Surprisingly, the bud didn’t have much of a scent until it was ground up, revealing a potent chemmy aroma that made our seasoned reviewers salivate. Upon inhalation, the flower was robust but not harsh, leading to full body relaxation that didn’t feel lethargic. It won’t stop anyone from getting a full night’s sleep when ready to crash, however, and the rest of its qualities were deep and relaxing.

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